My main theme is about Rituals, the new theory/idea that I will research involves two individuals, an Occultist called Aleister Crowley and a Satanist called Anton Lavey.
Aleister Crowley: The Wickedest Man in the World. Born Edward Alexander Crowley, he is primarily known for his occult writings and teachings. He founded the religion of Thelema, which became adopted by the Ordo Templis Orientis (O.T.O.) as well as the magical order Argenteum Astrum, the Order of the Silver Star.
More information of Aleister Crowley exists in the site:
It provides descriptive detail of his early life and the various nicknames he has obtained over the years due to his provocative nature. Examples being: called a “Beast” by his mother due to his outrageous behavior of smoking and having lust towards prostitutes.
What I want to be able to incorporate from these two individuals is the aspect of both ideals, occultism and satanism. Both aspects have a surreal background to them as Occultism has various theories and practices involving a belief in and knowledge or use of supernatural forces or beings.
Anton Szandor LaVey (born Howard Stanton Levey; April 11, 1930 – October 29, 1997) was an American author, musician and occultist. He was the founder of the Church of Satan and the religion of LaVeyan Satanism.
The site above contains the biography of Anton Lavey. It provides information about the establishment of the ‘First Church of Satan’ in America. And later the publishing of The Satanic Bible in 1969 which held the teachings of the Church of Satan and proclaiming that Satan ruled the Earth.
The Satanic Bible listed nine ‘declarations‘ that defined Satanism for a new age:
- indulgence, instead of abstinence;
- vital existence, instead of spiritual pipe dreams;
- undefiled wisdom, instead of hypocritical self-deceit;
- kindness to those who deserve it, instead of love wasted on ingrates;
- vengeance, instead of turning the other cheek;
- responsibility to the responsible, instead of concern for psychic vampires;
- man as just another animal…more often worse than those that walk on all fours, who because of his divine spiritual and intellectual development, has become the most vicious animal of all;
- all of the so-called sins, as they lead to physical, mental, or emotional gratification;
- Satan is the best friend the Church has ever had, as he has kept it in business all these years.
The occult (from the Latin word occultus “clandestine, hidden, secret”) is “knowledge of the hidden”. In common English usage, occult refers to “knowledge of the paranormal”, as opposed to “knowledge of the measurable”, usually referred to as science.
Satanism also has similarities to Occultism mainly in the form of symbols of dark magic. Satanism is the worshiping of Satan, typically involving a travesty of Christian symbols and practices, such as placing a cross upside down.
This site contains a list of Occult symbols and the meaning behind them. It contains a wide variety of different symbols such as Satanic symbols, Traditional Magick and Hermetic symbols, Kabbalistic symbols, Magical Languages, Organizations and Ideologies and etc. This is very useful to my theme of Rituals as I can incorporate these symbols to further develop my idea and the variety of symbols that this site contains makes it easier for me to research more about symbols and meanings.
One other Idea that has a link to Occultism is the Necronomicom. I’ve chosen this type of idea as it has a nice connection with all my research material and was originally an idea that I was going to incorporate to my theme.
The Necronomicon is a fictional grimoire (textbook of magic) appearing in the stories by horror writer H. P. Lovecraft and his followers. It was first mentioned in Lovecraft’s 1924 short story “The Hound”, written in 1922, though its purported author, the “Mad Arab” Abdul Alhazred, had been quoted a year earlier in Lovecraft’s “The Nameless City”. Among other things, the work contains an account of the Old Ones, their history, and the means for summoning them.
– info found in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necronomicon
What the Necronomicon is:
In other words, the book is a fictional history about our world and the creatures that eons ago ruled the Earth and other realms. Lovecraft said the title meant “the book of the customs (or laws) of the dead,” but a more literal translation is “the book of dead names.” Later on, other authors would give the “Necronomicon” its reputation as a book of spells, but apart from some very vague descriptions of summoning rituals, that doesn’t seem to have been Lovecraft’s original intent.
Nevertheless, this history of the youngest days of our world and the otherworldly beings who controlled it is so horrifying that, according to Lovecraft, reading the book could drive you insane. Many of Lovecraft’s stories end with one or more characters descending into madness, and quite a few of them did so after perusing the “Necronomicon.” Lovecraft stressed that these beings were so beyond human comprehension that even considering them for more than a moment could warp your mind.
Images of the Necronomicon:
Black magic is the magic involving the supposed invocation of evil spirits for evil purposes.